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Ethiopia - Apply for Glider Pilot Licence (GPL)

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In most countries one is required to obtain a glider pilot license (GPL) or certificate before acting as pilot of a glider. The requirements vary from country to country.

Training for Glider pilot licese in Ethiopia must be undertaken from a certified instructor, and a license or certificate is then issued by the government, limited to gliders only.

Glider licenses are issued by the Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority (ECAA) and in that regard is similar to that issued to power pilots or balloon pilots. The Gliding Pilot License is designed for all who wish to obtain a Glider Pilot License Certificate, along with the theoretical and practical knowledge required.

The basic requirements are as follows below in this procedure


It is eligible for citizens/residents of Ethiopia engaging in Air transport Business.

  • A citizen of Ethiopia,you must be at least 18 years old, but There is no upper age limit subject to some minimum medical requirements.
  • An individual citizen of another State who is lawfully admitted for permanent residence in Ethiopia,
  • A corporation lawfully organized and doing business under the laws of Ethiopia and the aircraft is based and primarily used in Ethiopia,
  • A government entity of Ethiopia or political subdivision thereof;
  • You are also required to have (amongst other things that apply to all licenses, such as aviation English language proficiency and a background security check)
  • Must be a member of the Aeroclub’s Gliding Section.
  • Must be able to pass a Class I Pilot Medical Exam.

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  • Pilots can begin training at an age of 18 and can solo balloons and gliders at age 21 in Ethiopia.
  • A license will contain a number of sub-qualifications or ratings.
  • An ECAA-issued pilot certificate is evidence that an individual is duly authorized to exercise piloting privileges in Ethiopia.
  • An individual may hold only one pilot certificate at one time.
  • Most pilot certificates and ratings require the applicant to pass a knowledge test, also called the written test.
  • All pilots certificates and ratings require a practical test.
  • Must have a pilot certificate issued by a recreational aviation organization that administers glider activities.
  • Must have undertaken at least six hours of flight time, including two hours solo, as well as 20 launches and 20 landings in a glider or motorized glider.

Required Information

  • A completed application form
  • 1 photocopy of ID or passport
  • 4 photos
  • Bank details
  • Be able to read, speak, write and understand the English language.
  • Obtain at least a third class medical certificate from an Aviation Medical Examiner
  • Pass a computerized aeronautical knowledge test from Ethiopia Civil Aviation Authority,
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience, including the following:
  • At least 40 hours of flight time, including 20 hours with an instructor and 10 hours of solo flight.
  • 5 hours of solo cross-country time including one flight of at least 150 nautical miles with full stop landings at a minimum of three points
  • Three Glider takeoffs and landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.
  • 3 hours of night flight training and 10 takeoffs and landings to a full stop at an airport
  • 3 hours of instrument flying training
  • Pass an oral and flight test administered by an ECAA inspector or ECAA designated examiner.
  • A recent passport type photograph of the applicant with applicants name printed on the rear using a ball point pen.
  • A medical certificate is required.


Step I

You need to complete an application form, follow the instruction on the form and then attach all the necessary documents and submit the application or take the test to get your Glider pilot's license.

  • Submit a recent photograph and provide appropriate proof of your identity.You Must also provide a copy of the ICAO GPL and logbook evidence of 5 hours flying because need to undertake a flight review before you can use your license.

Step II Financial implication

You should also be financially prepared because attending Gilder training school can be a very expensive endeavor. On the average, you might have to spend as much as $20,000 or $30,000 to cover your schooling. This includes the instructor's fee, the hourly plane rentals, and other miscellaneous expenses that come in the form of instructional materials, and so on.

Step III require total Hours for both Flying training and theoretical training.

In order to be considered for the Glider pilot Licence, you'll need to have significant time logged actually in the air. 6 hours total time is the minimum required for flying training and 150 hours for theoretical knowledge training. That's quite a bit of flying time, you must be a the pilot in command, so training time counts here. Obviously, holding a PPL will put you closer to the requirement, though you will have to log additional hours regardless of the license that you hold.

You'll need to have at least 50 hours logged in the air as the Pilot in Command. That doesn't mean that you have to be the only one in the cockpit, but that you were the commanding pilot during the flight.

The aviation knowledge and skill requirements for a glider are usually similar to those for a powered aircraft, taking into account the different requirements of the aircraft categories.

Step IV require that you have powered Aircraft certificate.

You are required to have acquired the powered pilot certificate and Air transport pilot license and a license or certificate is then issued by the government limited to gliders only.Training must be undertaken from a certified instructor.

You are also required to
  • You will also have to have passed a wide range of ATPL examinations - there are 14 in total.
  • You have to have a passing score in each of these areas or you will not be considered as an eligible candidate.
  • Have completed an approved course of training in multi-crew cooperation (MCC).
  • The theory exams must be completed within a two-year period to remain valid.

You will have to obtain a qualifying cross-country flight of 100mm in order to earn your Glider Pilot certificate/license.

Step V medical certificates for pilots.

All Glider Pilot applicants will have to undergo and pass a Class 1 medical examination. This can be done at any time,though a legal statement that one is fit to fly, is allowed for gliders. The United States does not require a medical certificate to operate a glider with a U.S. airman certificate.

Step VI apply to aviation English language proficiency.

You are also required to have (amongst other things that apply to all licenses, such as aviation English language proficiency and a background security check):

  • a pilot certificate issued by a Glider aviation organisation that administers glider activities
  • undertaken at least six hours of flight time, including two hours solo, as well as 20 launches and 20 landings in a glider or motorized glider.

You must apply for an ICAO-compliant licence, the GPL is expected to be recognized by foreign aviation authorities and this will assist Ethiopian pilots wishing to participate in gliding competitions overseas.

in addition to meeting all the qualifications listed above, you'll still need to take additional steps in order to earn your Glider Pilot License. These steps consist of the theoretical examinations, as well as additional training. Once you pass this step then you can be given a Glider Pilot certificate

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Required Documents

  • A computerized aeronautical knowledge test
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience document.
  • A third class medical certificate.
  • A computerized aeronautical knowledge test
  • A Record of 40 hours of flight time
  • A record of Pass an oral test and flight test administered by an ECAA inspector.
  • A flight instructor certificate;
  • An instrument rating.
  • Preflight operations, including weight and balance determination, line inspection, and airplane servicing.
  • Airport and traffic pattern operations, including operations at controlled airports, radio communications, and collision avoidance precautions.
  • Flight maneuvering by reference to ground objects.
  • Flight at slow airspeeds with realistic distractions, and the recognition of and recovery from stalls entered from straight flight and from turns.
  • Normal and crosswind takeoffs and landings.
  • Control and maneuvering an airplane solely by reference to instruments, including descents and climbs using radio aids or radar directives.
  • Cross-country flying, using pilotage, dead reckoning, and radio aids.
  • Maximum performance takeoffs and landings.
  • Night flying, including takeoffs, landings, and VFR navigation.
  • Emergency operations, including simulated aircraft and equipment malfunction.


Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.


  • Valid for 1 year and then a renewal is required

Documents to Use

Please attach documents that can be used by people. e.g. links

Sample Documents

Please attach sample completed documents that would help other people.

Processing Time

  • The processing takes 6 months

Office Locations & Contacts

Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority
Director General Office

Tel: 251-11 665 0252

Mobile: 251-91-1201266

Fax: 251 11 665 0269



Aviation Regulation Directorate

Tel: 251 11 665 0256

Mobile: 251-91-1208053



Air Navigation Services Directorate

Tel: 251 11 665 0265

Mobile: 251-91-1201267



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Videos explaining the procedure or to fill the applications. 
Attach videos using the following tag <&video type="website">video ID|width|height<&/video&> from external websites.
Please remove the "&" inside the tags during implementation.
Website = allocine, blip, dailymotion, facebook, gametrailers, googlevideo, html5, metacafe, myspace, revver, 
sevenload, viddler, vimeo, youku, youtube
width = 560, height = 340, Video ID = Can be obtained from the URL of webpage where the video is displayed.
e.g In the following url "" Video ID is "Y0US7oR_t3M". 

Information which might help

Here's a list of things that can disqualify you from being a pilot
  • Mental disorder, No diagnosis of psychosis, or bipolar disorder, or severe personality disorders.
  • SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE & SUBSTANCE ABUSE A diagnosis or medical history of substance dependence is disqualifying unless there is established clinical evidence,
  • satisfactory to the Federal Air Surgeon, of recovery, including sustained total abstinence from the substance(s) for not less than the preceding 2 years.
  • A history of substance abuse within the preceding 2 years is disqualifying.
  • Substance includes alcohol and other drugs (i.e., PCP, sedatives and hynoptics, anxiolytics,
  • marijuana, cocaine, opioids, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and other psychoactive drugs or chemicals).

Other uses of the Document/Certificate

Please explain what are other uses of obtaining this document/certificate.
e.g. Birth Certificate can be used as proof of identity.

External Links


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