Finland - Request for an Examination of the Impediments to Marriage / Single Status Certificate
Some overseas countries would require a "Certificate of No Impediment" before a citizen of Finland is allowed to be married abroad. This document states that the applicant is single and has the capacity to enter into marriage.
Following are procedures on how to request for an examination of the impediments to marriage in Finland.
In order for non-nationals to marry in a foreign country you will most likely be required to produce legal documentation from your country of citizenship verifying single status and that you are free to marry. This is known as a 'Certificate of No Impediment', 'Certificate de Coutume', 'Certificate of Nulla Osta' or a 'Certificate of Freedom to Marry'.
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The Certificate of No Impediment
The certificate of no impediment must be left at the local register office prior to the marriage. In addition, the bride and groom must inform the local register office of the surname or surnames they plan on using.
Please also be aware that a standard Single Status Certificate or Certificate of No Impediment may be insufficient on its own to allow a marriage to take place in a foreign country. You may be required by the foreign authorities to comply with the following, so please ensure that you allow sufficient time for processing.
- Certificates may need to be translated.
- Certificates may need to be endorsed or exchanged for a locally acceptable version issued by your Embassy or Consulate in the country where you will marry.
- Certificates may need to be legalized i.e. stamped with an official stamp known as an Apostille.
- Certificates may require that witnesses swear an Affidavit stating that you are free to marry and that this is appended.
- Full Name
- Passport or ID number
- Place and Date of Birth
- Signature of the person who declares
- Signature of the witnesses
It is advisable to follow the guidelines that certain authorities deem necessary. Those wishing to marry overseas will need special documentation. First, couples will have to present a declaration that is processed by your local office where marriage documents are produced. This must be from the state where you live in the Finland. On this statement will be recorded the fact that there has not be any marriage in recent years.
Due to the fact that these types of documents are sought for foreign involvement one will need the local or state registrar’s account or declaration to be authenticated to work abroad.
- Go to the Civil Registry office where marriages are registered.
- Fill in and submit a request to the Local Register Offices in Finland:
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- Completed request form.
- National identity card or Passport.
- Proof of address.
- If divorced, Decree Absolute.
- If widowed, Death Certificate of previous spouse (and Marriage Certificate).
- If your name has been changed by Deed Poll, proof is necessary.
- The relevant fee.
Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.
Explain the time until which the certificate/document is valid. e.g. Birth Certificate Valid Forever
Please attach documents which can be used by people who would like to follow this procedure.
Please attach sample completed documents which would help other people who would like to follow this procedure.
Please explain the processing your application.
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Videos explaining the procedure or to fill the applications. Attach videos using the following tag <&video type="website">video ID|width|height<&/video&> from external websites. Please remove the "&" inside the tags during implementation. Website = allocine, blip, dailymotion, facebook, gametrailers, googlevideo, html5, metacafe, myspace, revver, sevenload, viddler, vimeo, youku, youtube width = 560, height = 340, Video ID = Can be obtained from the URL of webpage where the video is displayed. e.g In the following url "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0US7oR_t3M" Video ID is "Y0US7oR_t3M".
Marriage and registration of civil partnership
The registrars of the local register offices carry out civil marriage ceremonies. The marriage ceremony can be short and no-frills, but can also include live music and poetry readings.
At least two witnesses must be present at any marriage ceremony. A church blessing can be carried out in addition to the civil ceremony if agreed upon with a church parish.
An investigation is carried out prior to a marriage in order to ensure that there is no reason why the marriage may not be carried out. The investigation can be carried out either by the local register office or an appropriate church parish. The certificate of no impediment must be left at the local register office prior to the marriage. In addition, the bride and groom must inform the local register office of the surname or surnames they plan on using.
A successful marriage ceremony requires planning. Make sure to contact the local register office well before you plan on getting married.
The Bride & Groom to be married must provide from their country of Citizenship, individual Certificates of non impediment or Certificate of Single Status/Sworn Affidavit, as proof that they are both indeed single and eligible to marry. This is also called an affidavit of single status or negative statement of marriage. This document can be obtained at the Bureau of Vital statistics in their city they reside.
- Local Register Offices of Finland:
Through a sworn affidavit the applicant confirms that they are who they claim to be. The Single Status Letter or Affidavit says that they are able and free to marry among other things. Bear in mind that one fact about the Single Status Affidavit is that it is not a government document; rather, it is a letter from the affiant signed in front of a notary public. An interesting fact about this type of document is that there are many names given for it. For example look at this list: "Single Status Statutory Declaration" or a "Certificate of Legal Capacity to Contract Marriage" or a "Single Status Certificate" or "Free-to-marry statement".