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Brazil - Apply for Certificate of Stable Union (Certidão de União Estável)

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The certificate of stable union is a document that formalizes the union of a couple, who decided to have a family. In the case of stable union, the deed is recorded in a registry of notes and does not alter the marital status - ie, the two remain unmarried. But the marriage registered at the notary public records, change the marital status and the spouse is a "necessary heir," which can not be without at least part of the inheritance. As in conventional marriage, the bride and groom can choose the property regime (partial communion, fellowship full or total separation) and change the surname.

The certificate also guarantees dating couples before specific rights of marriage, especially the inclusion in health plans and life insurance, the quote in wills (although this can be challenged legally by the family of one of the spouses in the event of death), and, in case of breach of contract, the division of property accumulated by the couple and the award of alimony.

Following are procedures on how to apply for a certificate of stable union.


  • Heterosexual and homosexual couples.

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The certificate can be obtained from any registry office in Brazil. On the recommendation of federal prosecutors, at least two witnesses is required.

The couple can apply, no need for a proof of residence (the two need not live together), cohabitation or minimum time relationship.

Required Information

A list which displays the kind of information which is required to complete the procedure.
1. Date of Birth.
2. City or County of Birth.


The couple can convert the stable union in marriage by simply submitting an application to the Official Register of domicile. To revoke a stable, you need to present at least two witnesses.

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Required Documents

  • Completed application form


Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.


Explain the time until which the certificate/document is valid.
e.g. Birth Certificate Valid Forever

Documents to Use

Please attach documents which can be used by people who would like to follow this procedure.    

Sample Documents

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Processing Time

Please explain the processing your application.    

Office Locations & Contacts

Secretaria de Direitos Humanos da Presidência da República (SDH/PR)

Brasília, Brazil Map


Facebook Page

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Information which might help

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Other uses of the Document/Certificate

Foreigners who maintain a relationship with a Brazilian may be granted a Brazilian visa upon presentation of the certificate.

External Links

  • Law No. 9278/1996
  • Certificate of Stable Union:


More information which might help people.
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